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Khewra Salt Mines Tour

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Khewra Salt Mines Tour

Khewra Salt Mines Tour

The Khewra Salt Mine is located in the city of khewra nearly 154 kilometers away from the city of Rawalpindi. Khewra Salt Mines is one of the best source of pure salt in Pakistan which was discovered in 1872 by the local family of Janjua Rajputs. It is Pakistan’s oldest and world’s second largest salt mine. The mine is a part of a salt range that originated about 800 million years ago, when evaporation of a shallow sea followed by geological movement formed a salt range that stretched for about 300 kilometers (185 miles). The mine is in the mountains that are part of a salt range, a mineral-rich mountain system extending about 200 km from the Jhelum river south of Pothohar Plateau to where the Jhelum river joins the Indus river. Khewra mine is about 288 meters (945 feet) above sea level and about 730 meters (2400 feet) into the mountain from the mine entrance. The underground mine covers an area of 110 km² (43 sq. miles).

The first and the main tunnel at ground level developed by Dr. H. Warth – A mining engineer in 1872 has been converted into a tourist attraction by the Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation (PMDC) since 2002. There are many points of interest for tourists in the mines. The Tourists are taken into the mines on an electric trolley train to the first point and then the visitors are shown various unique portions of the mines with attractive shapes, forms and colors. The first stop is a beautifully mosque made of rock salt brick of different colors and shades. A spacious chamber is named as, “Assembly Hall” measuring over 73 meters in height. There are many water tanks filled with saturated brine solution. There is an area of transparent slat of light pink color known as, “Sheesh Mahal” (the mirror palace). Here, a series of chambers are connected with salt bridges over water ponds, which are illuminated with lights showing wonderful reflection of different colors of salt.


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